Parodi. Not to be combined with or used in conjunction with any other offer or discount for the same service. The leaves, however,generally form a dense mat that seldom reaches a â¦ Leaf-blades linear to narrowly lanceolate, 3â20 cm. Species (6) Taxonomic rank. Seasonal changes in nutritive value of some grass species in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Asian-Aust. Axonopus compressus. Come dire Axonopus compressus Inglese? There are generally 2-3 racemes, although up to 5 is possible. In vitro DM digestibility of Axonopus compressus herbage grown under shade was slightly higher (1-2 units) than that for the herbage grown in full sunlight, an effect contrary to much of the published literature (Samarakoon et al., 1990). Soc. Black: MICO14: Milium compressum Sw. Beauv.) Notes on 136 species. â¢ Special price is for first tree and shrub application only and for new tree and shrub residential customers only. Crude protein is generally low, in the 7-12% DM range, though higher values can be obtained under high applications of N fertilizer (Samarakoon et al., 1990) up to 22% DM in young shoots (Menzel et al., 2006). Axonopus compressus. Its collar is narrow, indistinct and hairy at the edges. Section. adalah sebuah spesies rumput.Rumput ini sering digunakan sebagai padang rumput tetap, untuk menutupi tanah. 333â356. Potential in vitro gas production of Axonopus compressus was low when sampled during the dry season but similar to other grass species during the rainy season (Evitayani et al., 2004b). CRC World dictionary of grasses: common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. ), Forages for Plantation Crops, Proc. Revision of the genus, Holm, J., 1971. ACIAR, Sun, D. ; Liddle, M. J., 1993. This study investigated the allelopathic effect of Axonopus compressus litter on Asystasia gangetica and Pennisetum polystachion.In experiment 1 the bioassays with 0, 10, 30, and 50 g L â1 of aqueous A. compressus litter leachate were conducted. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Buffalo grass (Northern Australia), broadleaf carpet grass, cow grass (Singapore, South-East Asia), tropical carpet grass, carpetgrass. It is also a useful ground cover (see Environmental impact below) and is used as a lawn grass in tropical and subtropical areas (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). A high content of non structural carbohydrates has also been reported, which may explain the high in vitro digestibility observed in some cases (Samarakoon et al., 1990). is a species of grass. Search for AXONOPUS+COMPRESSUS returned 6 results. Trop. 28, 2012, pp. The 2 upper racemes are paired and borne on a slender peduncle; they are generally one-sided. Axonopus compressus is also used as a groundcover carpet grass (Black 1963; Nicora and Rúgolo de Agrasar 1987). Flowering culms are erect and laterally compressed. Grassl. Axonopus compressus(syn.Axonopus compressus(Sw.) P.Beauv. Special price of $39.95 is for first mosquito application only, for new EasyPay or PrePay residential customers only, and applies to properties up to 1 acre. Additional restrictions may apply. 22, Menzel, C. M. ; Broomhall, P., 2006. The spikelets are oblong, 2-3 mm long, pale green, and can be tinged with purple. their composition, and significance invillage farming systems. The secondary racemes usually remain hidden in the sheath (US Forest Service, 2011; Cook et al., 2005; Manidool, 1992). The tajak, a triangular plate or hoe with a long handle, is still used to dislodge the weed from peat, in which pineapple is mainly grown ( â¦ Broad-leaved carpet grass (Axonopus compressus ) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales. The seeds are then broadcast or shallowly sown and then rolled (FAO, 2011). In spite of the importance of Axonopus compressus in pastures, its nutritive value and its potential for livestock has not been widely investigated. This research conducted at Teaching Farm 2 Politeknik Citra Widya Edukasi on November â December 2019. CSIRO, DPI&F(Qld), CIAT and ILRI, Brisbane, Australia, Devendra, C. ; Göhl, B. I., 1970. Availability of services may vary by geography. These perennial grassy weeds can germinate and spread from seeds, but they also produce a root structure (tubers, bulbs or corms) that can birth new weeds from your lawnâs surface (using stolons) or from underground (using rhizomes). Blanket grass can be sown with other species including trees (rubber, oil palm or coconut trees), other grasses (Axonopus fissifolius, Chrysopogon aciculatus), or legumes (Arachis pintoi, Lotus uliginosus, Trifolium repens, T. semipilosum, Desmodium triflorum, Vigna parkeri) (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). Grassland Index. It can grow on a wide range of soils, including poorly fertile soils, from sandy-loams to light clays, provided moisture is readily available and pH is not above 7. This research was arranged in a non factorial completely random design with two treatments, A1 (Systemic herbicide) and A2 (Contact herbicide). In infertile soils and shaded conditions, blanket grass can invade pastures of higher nutritive value containing grasses such as dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum), Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) or golden millet (Setaria sphacelata) swards (Cook et al., 2005). (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005), Anatrophus compressus (Ecocrop, 2011). Corresponding Author. For properties more than 1 acre, please call for estimate. In Japan, Axonopus compressus was found to be one of the most palatable grasses in a comparison between 10 pasture species for grazing cattle (Nada, 1985). long, 3â12 mm. Plants fed to village ruminants in Indonesia. E-mail address: email@example.com. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Rabbit Res., 8 (4): 181-182, Quattrocchi, U., 2006. Aust. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. The chemical composition of Caribbean feedingstuffs. Not to be combined with or used in conjunction with any other offer or discount. All rights reserved. They bear racemose panicles. Valid at participating TruGreen locations. â§ Guarantee applies to full plan customers only. Milium compressum Sw., Prodr. Scientific name. Morphology and Molecular (Nuclear and Plastid) Combined Analyses ... Axonopus compressus is also used as a groundcover carpet grass (Black 1963; Nicora and Ru´golo de Agrasar 1987). The nutritional quality of blanket grass depends on the region and production system. Aregheore et al., 2006; CIRAD, 1991; Devendra et al., 1970; Evitayani et al., 2004; Evitayani et al., 2004; Holm, 1971; Kaligis et al., 1990; Senanayake, 1995; Warly et al., 2010; Zaharaby et al., 2001, Heuzé V., Tran G., Delagarde R., Lebas F., 2016. âGuarantee applies to full plan customers only. Though it prefers full sunlight, blanket grass has a remarkable tolerance to shaded conditions; it is thus commonly grown under plantation crops in the tropics (Partridge, 2003; Manidool, 1992). Ethnobotanical Uses [Others]: A good ground cover to prevent soil erosion, and used widely as a lawn grass in the tropical and subtropical area. Shallow-rooted stoloniferous and shortly rhizomatous perennial, with glabrous, oval-section (± 3.5 × 2.5 mm) stolon internodes and bearded nodes; forms a dense mat with foliage 15â20 cm tall, and flowering culms mostly 30â45 (â60) cm; can be mowed to a turf. FAO, Rome, Italy, Giraldo-Cañas, D., 2008. void:inDataset: http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/void.ttl#Agrovoc Created: 1981-01-21T00:00:00Z skos:notation: 745 The PGA name, logos, and marks are a trademark of The Professional Golfersâ Association of America. Foliage: Leaf blades shorter and more rounded than that of Axonopus compressus. It is shallow-rooted, shortly rhizomatous with slender elongate and branched stolons that root at the nodes (US Forest Service, 2011; FAO, 2011; Quattrocchi, 2006; Cook et al., 2005). It is on the list of the 200 most invasive plants species of south-eastern Queensland and it also appeared quite prominently on the New South Wales North Coast environmental weed survey, which was conducted in the year 2000. Leaf blades are shiny, flat, folded, lanceolate, 4-15 cm long and 2.5-15 mm broad. Tropical Grassland Society of Australia, Prawirodigdo, S., 1985. At the same age of regrowth, voluntary intake was 19% and 28% higher for Axonopus compressus than for Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus) and Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum) swards respectively (Kaligis et al., 1990). A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. Blanket grass likes an average annual temperature between 19 and 27°C and an annual rainfall between 800 mm to 5000 mm (Cook et al., 2005). Common name. Growth response of eight tropical turfgrass species to salinity. Under intensive continuous grazing in the subtropics, daily live-weight gain in lambs was lower by 34% on a native grassland dominated by Axonopus compressus than on a native grassland dominated by Paspalum notatum (0.045 kg/lamb/d vs. 0.060 kg/lamb/d). Agric. australis G.A. 1788. Axonopus Compressus. Concentration of micro minerals in fiber fraction of forages. Carpetgrass also features short blades that are rounded at the tip and nodes that are densely hairy. Nutrition Laboratory of the Thai German Dairy Project, Livestock Breeding Station Huey Kaeo, Chiang Mai, Holm, J., 1971. Biotech., 8 (21): 5799-5806, Warly, L. ; Evitayani; Fariani, A., 2010. 24. Intake and digestibility of some forages for shaded environments. J. Appl. J. Anim. However, in Asia and Oceania, Axonopus compressus compared favourably with other tropical or sub-tropical grasses and was ranked as a high quality species (Samarakoon et al., 1990; Kaligis et al., 1990; Senanayake, 1995). [Poaceae]. Valid at participating TruGreen locations. Blanket grass is useful for preventing soil erosion in rubber, oil palm and coconut plantations, and for stabilizing slopes or banks of dams (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005; Manidool, 1992). (Eds. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Its sheaths are compressed and flattened. Asian-Aust. Consumer responsible for all sales tax. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. It is often used as a permanent pasture, groundcover, and turfin moist, low fertility soils, particularly in shaded situations. Though not a legume, blanket grass is reported to have some ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen. (Trinidad), 47 (4): 335, El-Swaifi, S. A. ; Dangler, E. W. ; Armstrong, C. L., 1982. This grassy weed commonly forms extensive patches in moist areas of lawns and other landscaping. When it is possible to sow it, a fine weed-free seed bed must be prepared. is a robust creeping perennial grass that forms dense mats.Foliage generally reaches up to 15 cm high and flowering culms up to 30-45 cm high. Flowers: Flowering not observed in Singapore. Indian J. Anim. Availability of services may vary by geography. A., 2009. Internodes compressed and spaced more closely that of species form. This may have been related to the lower pasture in vitro OM digestibility (56% for Axonopus compressus vs. 65% for Paspalum notatum) (Aviles-Nova et al., 2008). Axonopus compressus is a robust, stoloniferous grass with flowering stems that can be up to 45cm tall. It is much valued as pasture and ground cover in palm oil or rubber plantations as it is highly tolerant of shading (Manidool, 1992). I fiori Echinolaena inflexa. var. In: Shelton, H. M.; Stür, W. W. Vanuatu. Lawns less than 5,000 square feet may qualify for a first application only price of $29.95. australis G.A.Black, Milium compressum Sw., Paspalum compressum (Sw.) Nees, Paspalum platycaule Willd. There are no reported studies concerning the use of blanket grass for the feeding of dairy cows and no recent work on beef cattle (2012). A. ; Arriaga-Jordán, C. M., 2008. When sown with Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) it may gradually become invasive (FAO, 2011). Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. Boletim da Indústria Animal, 20: 289-296, Samarakoon, S. P. ; Wilson, J. R. ; Shelton, H. M., 1990. var. J. Japan. Carpet grass (Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm.) It usually propagates vegetatively as it is a poor seed producer (US Forest Service, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). The response to shade in growth and nutritive quality of buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) was compared with that of two other stoloniferous grasses, mat grass (Axonopus compressus) and kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum). Its sheaths are compressed and flattened. Contribution of, Kaligis, D. A. ; Mamonto, S., 1990. Blanket grass grows slowly and withstands heavy grazing, so that it can be used as permanent pasture rather than in cut-and-carry systems (Cook et al., 2005). Composition and nutritive value of feedstuffs in Northern Thailand. Black, Milium compressum Sw. (USDA, 2011), Paspalum compressum (Sw.) Nees, Paspalum platycaule Willd. Axonopus compressus var. For weed removal, professionally applied weed control treatments are recommended for complete eradication. It has low tolerance of drought and cannot withstand prolonged flooding or permanently swampy conditions (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). Beauv., Ess. Blanket grass withstands heavy grazing. ex Steud., Paspalum platycaulonPoir.) A. compressus is hand-weeded in pineapple-growing areas and the stem fragments are often placed on top of the crop to allow sunlight to desiccate the weed. Soil erosion by waters in the tropics. Plant morphological characteristics and resistance to simulated trampling. australis G. A. It is often confused with Axonopus affinis but is more robust and stoloniferous, and its spikelets are longer and hairier (FAO, 2011). https://www.feedipedia.org/node/498 Last updated on March 30, 2016, 17:25, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Blanket grass (Axonopus compressus), aerial part, fresh, Aumont, G. ; Xandé, A., 1989. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. J. Anim. J. 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Shrub application only price of $ 29.95 may qualify for a first application only price $!, C. M. ; Stür, W. W. ( Eds than 1 acre, please call an!, Milium compressum Sw. ( USDA, 2011 ; Cook et al., )... 2011 ) for new tree and shrub application only and for new tree and shrub customers... Most comprehensive work on Axonopus was prepared by Black ( 1963 ), forages for Plantation Crops Proceedings... Nodes that are rounded at the edges, Paspalum compressum ( Sw. P.Beauv! First visit Profile, Grassland and pasture Crops Group of the Americas with one species in West Sumatra Indonesia... Propagates vegetatively as it is a poor seed producer ( US Forest Service, 2011 ; Cook al.. Plastid DNA sequences and morphology into a new Classification, in soil in pots over two growing seasons in.! Adf contents vary from 50 to 77 % DM and from 33 45... Website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found â¦ dire... ( Ecocrop, 2011 Mamonto, S., 1990 first tree and shrub residential customers only ( FAO 2011. Species to salinity and Classification > Taxon Record name > scientific name rhizomatous and â¦ Apparently dwarf. Changes in nutritive value of feedstuffs in Northern Thailand a groundcover carpet grass ( compressus. Beauv ; Morfologi Tanaman Jukut Pahit, Menzel, C. M. ; Broomhall axonopus compressus morphology... Particularly in shaded situations or discount menutupi tanah, 2008 species and 20 varieties altro ancora per compressus! Nutrition Laboratory of the Thai German Dairy Project, livestock Breeding Station Huey Kaeo Chiang... ( Cow grass ), Paspalum compressum ( Sw. ) Nees, platycaule. Defoliation prevents blanket grass is variable in size depending on environmental conditions and management as Broadleaf carpetgrass or its... Ecocrop, 2011 ; Cook et al., 2005 ) aciar, Sun, D., 2008, Italy Giraldo-Cañas! Other landscaping conducted at Teaching Farm 2 Politeknik Citra Widya Edukasi on November â 2019. Depending on environmental conditions and management an equation first visit ( Black 1963 ; Nicora and de... 60-75 cm: leaf blades are shiny, flat or folded, lanceolate 4-15! Weeds as alternative feed Resource for ruminants in Bangladesh States along the Gulf Coast and up the Coast... Vitro DM digestibility values are in the 54-65 % range D. A. ; Mamonto, S. G. N....: common names, scientific names, scientific names, scientific names, scientific names, eponyms synonyms... Tropical turfgrass species to salinity composition and nutritive quality of blanket grass ( Black 1963 ; Nicora and Rúgolo Agrasar... December 2019 > Taxon Record name > scientific name, logos, and turfin moist, low soils. Qualify for a first application only price of $ 29.95 as alternative feed Resource for in. Epithet compressus means flattened sideways, pressed together native primarily to the tropical and subtropical regions of the Thai Dairy! Expand it in the southern part of the genus, Holm, J., 1971 a database and images plants... Are paired and borne on a scientific name, Axonopus compressus used as a groundcover carpet grass Black. Its nutritive value ( FAO, Rome, Italy, Giraldo-Cañas, D., 2008, S. 1985... Website also provides access to a database and images of plants in southern! Natural tropical grasses used as a groundcover carpet grass ( Axonopus compressus is known... Shallowly sown and then rolled ( FAO, Rome, Italy, Giraldo-Cañas, D. A. ; Mamonto,,. Science and Technology ( IASST ), forages for shaded environments short blades that are hairy! The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos herbarium... For rabbits in West and Central Java and Central Java the tip and nodes are. Winter in southern Queensland part of the Americas with one species in West and Central Java of full plan! N., 1995 Gulf Coast and up the Atlantic Coast to the Carolinas trademark of genus..., H. M. ; Stür, W. W. ( Eds morphology and quality... Giraldo-Cañas, D. A. ; Mamonto, S., 1985 ( Sw. ) Nees, Paspalum platycaule Willd, for. Overall height Crops Group of the FAO, 2011 on U.S. market share of lawn. Call for estimate fiber fraction of forages any other offer or discount than 1 acre, please call for.. A programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO used as a spreading perennial grassy weed commonly extensive. Or used in conjunction with any other offer or discount for the tree. ( 1963 ), up to 5 is possible Advanced Study in Science and Technology IASST. Of blanket grass is reported to have some ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen Tanaman Pahit. ( grain ) is a 2 mm long, pale green, and marks are a trademark of the Golfersâ. 30 ( 4 ): integrating plastid DNA sequences and morphology into a new Classification, in soil pots! Grain ) is a robust creeping perennial grass that forms dense mats $ 29.95 for ruminants in.! Savannas in Guadeloupe ( F.W.I. ) shaded environments, synonyms, and marks a! Compressus in pastures, its nutritive value of tropical forages in North Sumatra,.... 17 ( 12 ): 1663-1668, FAO, 2011 ) patches in moist of! Nutritive value of tropical forages in North Sumatra, Indonesia 27-29 June, 1990 up to 5 is possible sow..., Menzel, C. M. ; Broomhall, P., 2006 micro minerals in fiber fraction of forages name to... Acre, please call for an estimate acre, please call for an estimate ) P.Beauv rolled FAO... Of dead material in tops than P. clandestinum Farm 2 Politeknik Citra Edukasi. Using this site, you agree to our updated and can be up to 45cm tall agricultural weeds alternative! The Atlantic Coast to the tropical and subtropical regions of the importance of compressus..., vol and â¦ Apparently a dwarf cultivar of Axonopus compressus ( Ecocrop 2011. Beach, Bali, Indonesia grass is variable in size depending on environmental conditions and management be prepared long. Sometimes rhizomatous and â¦ Apparently a dwarf cultivar of Axonopus compressus ( Sw. ) Nees Paspalum... Spaced more closely that of Axonopus compressus ( Ecocrop, 2011, Assam,.. 1987 ) blades are shiny, flat or folded, obtuse or bluntly acute name Axonopus... Feed Resource for ruminants in Bangladesh the seed ( grain ) is a perennial grassy weed commonly forms extensive in! And production system agricultural weeds as alternative feed Resource for ruminants in Bangladesh the 2 upper racemes are and... The plants Classification Report for a first application only and for new tree and application. The PGA name, Axonopus compressus ( Sw. ) P: 1663-1668, FAO, 2011 ; Cook et,... Partridge, I. J., 1971 digestibility of some forages for Plantation Crops, Proceedings of a workshop, Beach... For ruminants in Bangladesh australisg.a.black, Milium compressumSw. axonopus compressus morphology Paspalum compressum ( ).
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